What Causes Swollen Gums?

Swollen gums can be a sign of underlying oral health issues and should not be ignored. Understanding the causes of swollen gums is essential for seeking appropriate periodontal treatment in Florida. Let’s explore the common culprits behind swollen gums and emphasize the importance of consulting a periodontist, like those at Village Periodontics, for expert care and treatment.


The most common cause of swollen gums is gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease. Poor oral hygiene allows plaque to accumulate along the gumline, leading to bacterial growth. The bacteria produce toxins that irritate the gums, causing inflammation and swelling.

Periodontal Disease

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease. Periodontitis involves infection and inflammation that affect the gums, surrounding tissues, and even the bone supporting the teeth. Swollen gums are a hallmark symptom of periodontitis.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Inadequate oral hygiene practices, such as irregular brushing and flossing, allow plaque and bacteria to build up on the teeth and gums. Over time, this leads to gum inflammation and swelling.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause can make gums more sensitive and prone to swelling. This is known as pregnancy gingivitis or hormonal gingivitis.


Certain medications, such as anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers, and immunosuppressants, can cause swollen gums as a side effect.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Deficiencies in vital nutrients, particularly vitamin C and vitamin B complex, can weaken gum tissues and contribute to swelling and inflammation.

Seeking Periodontal Treatment in Florida

If you have swollen gums, it is crucial to consult a periodontist in Florida for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment. Village Periodontics & Dental Implant Center specializes in periodontal care and provides expert treatment options to address swollen gums. Their experienced periodontists will evaluate your oral health, identify the underlying causes of your swollen gums, and create a personalized treatment plan.

Periodontal Treatment Options

The treatment for swollen gums may include:

  • Professional Dental Cleaning: A deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing can effectively remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from below the gumline, reducing inflammation and swelling.
  • Medications: Antibiotics or antimicrobial mouth rinses may be prescribed to control bacterial infections and reduce gum inflammation.
  • Gum Disease Treatment: If periodontal disease is present, advanced treatments such as laser therapy or periodontal surgery may be recommended to restore gum health and prevent further complications.

Swollen gums should not be ignored, as they may be a sign of underlying oral health issues. Consulting a periodontist is vital for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment. Village Periodontics offers specialized periodontal treatment in Florida, ensuring personalized care to address swollen gums and restore your oral health. Don’t delay seeking professional help – take the first step towards healthier gums and a confident smile.
For expert periodontal treatment in Florida, trust Village Periodontics & Dental Implant Center. Contact us today to schedule your consultation and embark on your journey to healthier gums.