Bleeding gums, a common symptom of gingivitis, periodontitis, and other forms of gum disease, can be caused by the buildup of dental plaque. However, it's important to note that bleeding from the gums can also signal other issues such as teeth grinding, diabetes, hormonal fluctuations, and deficiencies in vitamins.

Gums may bleed due to various factors. In many instances, oral health problems are the primary cause. However, it is essential to recognize that it can also serve as a symptom of other underlying health conditions.

The following oral health problems that are the most common:

  • Poor oral hygiene – Daily brushing and flossing. In addition, you should see your dentist regularly for dental exams and cleanings.
  • Smoking – Can cause your teeth to yellow and can cause gum disease, tooth decay, and tooth loss.
  • Gingivitis – Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. It happens when plaque and bacteria build up on your teeth and cause infection.
  • Periodontitis – A type of gum disease, is severe inflammation of your gums, with symptoms that include red, bleeding or swollen gums. If left untreated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss.
  • Trench mouth – Makes your gums bleed, hurt and swell. It also causes ulcers or lesions between your teeth and kills gum tissue. Without treatment, trench mouth can spread into nearby tissues such as your cheeks, lips or jawbones.

What treatments are available for bleeding gums?

The treatment for bleeding gums is determined by the root cause. If gum disease is identified as the underlying issue, a dentist or periodontist (gum specialist) will prescribe the appropriate treatment accordingly.

Most common treatment for bleeding gums include:

While bleeding gums can sometimes resolve spontaneously, if the bleeding persists for two weeks, it is advisable to consult with a dentist or periodontist. They will assess the situation and may recommend specific treatments for bleeding gums, such as a deep dental cleaning, or address any other underlying condition that may be contributing to the bleeding.

If you have any questions about bleeding gums, please ask your dentist.